Research shows that cocaine accounts for about 15% of all admissions to drug abuse treatment programs. The prevalent use of this particular drug has encouraged extensive efforts to come up with treatment programs that are exclusive for cocaine addiction treatment. As with any other drug addiction, cocaine addiction is a very complex disease to treat. Good news is that it is treatable, as long as the patient will dedicate himself/herself to rehab.
What’s involved in Cocaine Addiction Treatment?
Cocaine use contributes to a number of issues, such as biological changes in the brain, and a host of familial, social and other serious problems. Therefore, treating addiction that emancipates from the use of this drug must be comprehensive. Strategies for treatment should assess the social, medical and neurobiological aspects of the addict’s drug abuse. Furthermore, addicts who have other addictions usually suffer from other co-occurring mental ailments that require extra pharmacological and behavioral interventions.
Common Forms of Cocaine Addiction Treatment
- Pharmacological Approaches
Currently, FDA has not approved any medications to be used for the purpose of cocaine addiction treatment. As a result, NIDA is working insistently to recognize and test new medications that can be used to treat cocaine addiction both effectively and safely.
There are certain medications used for treating other diseases (including tiagabine, disulfiram, topiramate, modafinil and vigabatrin) that have shown promise in reducing cocaine dependence. Among these medications, disulfiram (commonly used to treat alcohol addiction) has shown consistency in treating cocaine addiction.
- Behavioral Interventions
There are various behavioral treatments for cocaine addiction that have been found to be highly effective in both outpatient and residential settings. In fact, behavioral therapies are usually the most available and highly effective treatments for almost all drug problems. Nevertheless, the integration of pharmacological and behavioral treatments may prove to be the most effective strategy in the end.
When it comes to behavioral therapy, there is one method that is exhibiting positive results in treating cocaine – contingency management. This form of therapy, which is otherwise known as motivational incentives (MI) is quite effective in helping addicts achieve initial abstinence from the drug, as well motivate them to continue with the treatment. Many programs that use this method make use of vouchers or a prize-based system, whereby participants who refrain from drug use are rewarded.
Another effective approach is the cognitive-behavioral therapy, which has proven to be quite successful in stopping cocaine use and preventing relapse. It is mainly focused on assisting those who are addicted to cocaine to abstain and maintain sobriety. Another thing that makes this therapy noteworthy is due to its compatibility with various other treatments that addicts may be receiving.
When seeking cocaine addiction treatment, it is crucial for patients to look for programs that match all their specific treatment needs. For instance, if the patient is unemployed, it is more ideal to look for career counseling and vocational rehabilitation together with addiction treatment. In case the patient is experiencing marital problems, it could be best to combine addiction treatment with couples counseling. This can help to eliminate stress that may be contributing to drug use in search of solace. Talk of killing two birds with one stone!